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Penrose C4 Cartwheel

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Penrose C4 Cartwheel
Penrose C4 model opt 2
CAD model of a Geomag Penrose C4 cartwheel
TypeMathematical
Panels 126 × Geomag triangle panel icon
Rods 634+82 × Geomag rod icon
Spheres 361 × Geomag ball icon
Author Amafirlian 22:11, 5 August 2007 (UTC)


This is a placeholder for a Penrose C4 cartwheel. It can be built using the property that if you build a triangular pyramid on top of two connected rods that are spanning an angle of 72°, the top sphere is directly above the point where the sphere of a penrose dart needs to be. So looking from directly above (and ignoring the perspective distortion) this looks like penrose dart. By using two levels one can build a complete penrose tiling. Note that the central rod (grey in the model) is effectively a support rod.

There is just one problem. When you put 2 Penrose darts built this way together, the two pyramids cause steric problems. The smallest angle between the rods is about 43°. The solution is to remove some of the rods that clash.

Only the penrose darts can be filled with panels (2 triangular). After removing clashing rods only 126 remain.

Other viewsEdit


Partial viewsEdit

The real tilingEdit

It's quite difficult to see the tiling from the Geomag representation (I'm still pondering good ways to color the tilings in Geomag). Here are a some renderings of the real thing:

This paragraph and the picture below reproduced (permission sought) from Steve Dutch's site: link

In some ways the pattern here, the Cartwheel, is the most important Penrose Tiling. The purple region at the center is outlined by a decagon consisting of a kite and dart edge. Every point in every tiling is contained inside an identical decagon (although the contents may differ).

The outer portion of the pattern consists of two parts. There are ten yellow sectors and ten blue spokes. The spokes consist of "bowtie" units and the spokes can be flipped 180 degrees and still fit their adjacent sectors. That means there are 1024 possible spoke arrangements but after rotations and reflections are eliminated there are only 62 distinct patterns.

External LinksEdit

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